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(1996-2016): 30% decline in the proportion of Pakistanis who say that permits/licenses can only be obtained through personal contacts and relations.

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According to a Gallup & Gilani Pakistan National Survey conducted in the year 1996 (20 years ago) respondents were asked “Do you agree with the statement that permits/licenses can only be obtained through personal contacts and relations?” In response to this question, 80% said that they agreed with the statement.

Comparative Picture: The question was asked again in 2016 to enable a concrete comparison. In 2016, 50% said they agreed with the statement.

The findings are available since 1996 periodically and the graph below shows how the public opinion has fluctuated over the past 20 years. The findings from this trend analysis show that corruption and nepotism at least to the extent of licenses has been on a downward curve since 1996. One factor could be the introduction of professional wardens and streamlining of motor licensing system.

This press release has been made as part of the Gallup Pakistan History Project which aims to release historical empirical polling data to wider audiences. The objective is to sustain and encourage empirical decision making in Pakistan.

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