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3 in 5 Pakistanis cite lack of education and lack of religious awareness as the most prevalent cause of women harassment. 62% men believe the display of indecent behavior by the women to be the primary reason.

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According to a Gilani Research Foundation Survey carried out by Gallup & Gilani Pakistan, 3 in 5 Pakistanis cite lack of education and lack of religious awareness as the most prevalent cause of women harassment. 62% men believe the display of indecent behavior by the women to be the primary reason.

A nationally representative sample of men and women from across the four provinces was asked, ““Why does harassment happen to women?” In response to this question, 44% said women dressing in certain ways provokes indecent behavior among men, 58% said women themselves do not act appropriately (including unnecessary chit-chat/roaming about and taking part in outside activities/laughing loudly etc), 37% said men will be men, boys will be boys, 33% said public transport are crowded, 25% said poor lighting in the streets, 22% said lack of security personnel/CCTV cameras, 26% said no implementation of laws against harassment, 22% said police does not take such complaints seriously, 18% said perpetrators go unpunished and 61% said lack of education/religious awareness in society.

Gender Breakdown:

Analysis by gender reveals significant variations. Among female respondents, 40% said women dressing provokes indecent behavior among men, 54% said women themselves do not act appropriately  ( including unnecessary chit-chat/ roaming about and taking part in outside activities/laughing loudly etc), 33% said men will be men, boys will be boys, 28% each said public transport is crowded, and poor lighting in the streets, 20% said lack of security personnel/CCTVs, 21% said no implementation of laws against harassment, 19% said police does not take such complaints seriously, 16% said perpetrators go unpunished and 55% said lack of education//religious awareness in society.

Among male respondents, 48% said women dressing provokes indecent behavior among men, 62% said women themselves do not act appropriately ( including unnecessary chit-chat/ roaming about and taking part in outside activities/laughing loudly etc), 40% said men will be men, boys will be boys, 37%  said public transport is crowded, 24% said poor lighting in the streets, 23% said lack of security personnel/CCTVs, 29% said no implementation of laws against harassment, 24% said police does not take such complaints seriously, 20% said perpetrators go unpunished and 65% said lack of education/religious awareness in society.

16% more men than women cited reasons which blame the women (the victims) for the harassment.

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