According to a Gallup Pakistan National Survey conducted in the year 1979 (35 years ago), 59%
Pakistanis said the main problem of their village was related to agriculture. This press release has been made as
part of the Gallup Pakistan History Project which aims to release historical empirical polling data to wider
audiences. The objective is to sustain and encourage empirical decision making in Pakistan.
Thirty years ago, a nationally representative sample of men and women, from across the four provinces
was asked “In your view, what is the main problem of your village/locality?” Responding to this, 16% said
health facilities, 2% said shortage of water, 6% said hygiene, 1% said food and 1% said housing facilities. 2%
of the respondents mentioned education, 1% said electricity whereas 59% said the problem was related to
agriculture. 1% replied peace, 5% mentioned others and 6% did not respond.
Comments by Gallup Pakistan Analysts:
As the respondents were asked about the problems they face in villages, it is expected that majority of the
problems would be agricultural in nature. Health facilities and hygiene were the next most mentioned problems. It
is important, however, to look at the issues that did not raise enough concern. Education was mentioned as a
problem by only 2% of the respondents. This goes to show that 30 years ago education was not as important a
concern amongst the populous as it is today. Furthermore, in 1979, conditions in Pakistan were much more stable
in terms of peace and security and terrorism was not rampant as it is today; which would explain why only 1%
considered it a problem. Today, the value for this variable would be much higher.