Gallup Pakistan recently conducted a nationwide survey on corruption whereby the perception of respondents on corruption as abuse of entrusted power was evaluated. The question posed to the respondents was Do you expect the level of corruption to change in the next 3 years? The results of this survey revealed that 43 % of the urbanites believe that there will be a sharp increase in the level of corruption in the country, 15 % believe that it will increase a little whereas 23 % believe that it will remain the same. On the contrary only 5 % of the respondents claimed that there will be sharp decline in the corruption level while 3 % of the individuals said that they expected it to decrease slightly in the next 3 years. Remaining 11 % of the respondents either gave no response or claimed that they did not know about this issue.
Furthermore respondents were asked about the extent to which they perceived various institutions/sectors to be affected by corruption. The sectors which were rated as the extremely corrupt were Police which was rated in the most corrupt category by almost 59% of the respondents, 46 % claimed that Tax Revenue collecting bodies are extremely corrupt followed by Registry and Permit services (civil registry for birth, marriage, licenses, permits etc) which were rated in the most corrupt category by 42% of the respondents.
41 % of the respondents ranked the Political Parties in the extremely corrupt category, 37% rated the utility providing departments (telephone, electricity, water) as extremely corrupt, 35 % ranked Judiciary/Legal System and 35 % ranked the Parliament /Legislatures in the extremely corrupt category. The list consisted of other institutions/sectors like the military, education system, NGO’s, medical services and religious bodies. Interestingly, the lowest number of respondents, 22% perceived the religious bodies as extremely corrupt.
This survey by Gallup Pakistan, an affiliate of Gallup International, was conducted on a sample of over 1400 nationwide respondents across all four provinces of Pakistan. This sample was statistically selected across all ages, income groups and educational levels. The error margin for a sample of this kind is estimated to be + 5% at a 95% confidence level.