In a Gallup & Gilani Pakistan National Survey conducted in the year 2003, i.e., 16 years ago, respondents were asked, “Please tell us whether you consider the following statement to be right or wrong: permits and licenses can only be obtained through bribes or personal contacts?” In response to this question, 71% said it was right, 20% said it was wrong, while 9% did not know or did not wish to respond.
Comparative Picture: The question was asked again in 2019 to enable a comparison to be made across the years. In 2019, 59% responded yes, 33% responded with wrong, while 8% did not know or did not wish to respond.
Findings on this question are available from the year 2003 onwards, and the graph below shows how the figures have fluctuated over the years.
There has been a decrease of 12 percentage-points in the proportion of Pakistanis who believe that bribery and contacts are necessary to obtain permits and licenses. Concurrently, there has been a 13 percentage-point increase in the proportion of Pakistanis who believe that this is not the case. It appears that optimism has increased in the country with regard to the practices involved in authorizing permits and licenses.
This press release has been made as part of the Gallup Pakistan History Project which aims to release historical empirical polling data to wider audiences. The objective is to sustain and encourage empirical decision making in Pakistan.