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Over a period of 20 years, shift in preference towards Urdu as medium of instruction; noted 45% now want their children to get educated in Urdu.

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According to a Gallup & Gilani Pakistan National Survey conducted in the year 1998 (20 years ago) respondents were asked, “Do you want your children to get educated in English medium or Urdu Medium?” In response to this question, 26% said Urdu, 65% said English, while 8% said others. 1% did not know or did not wish to respond.

Comparative Picture: The question was asked again in 2018 to enable a concrete comparison. In 2018, 45% said Urdu medium and 47% said English medium. 2% said other and 6% did not know or did not wish to respond.

The findings are available since 1998 periodically and the graph below shows how the figures have fluctuated over the years.

According to public opinion, there has been a 19% increase in the proportion of Pakistanis who believe Urdu should be the medium of instruction for their children, and an 18% decrease in the proportion of Pakistanis who believe the medium of instruction should be English for their children.

This press release has been made as part of the Gallup Pakistan History Project which aims to release historical empirical polling data to wider audiences. The objective is to sustain and encourage empirical decision making in Pakistan.

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