In a Gallup & Gilani Pakistan National Survey conducted in the year 2009, i.e., 9 years ago, respondents were asked, “Suppose that you have a son and a daughter. Due to financial difficulties, you have finances to support the education of only one of your children. Who would you prefer to have the education?” In response to this question, 50% said son, 14% said daughter, 32% said they will decide on merit (gender does not matter), while 4% did not know or did not wish to respond.
Comparative Picture: The question was asked again in 2018 to enable a comparison to be made across the years. In 2018, 28% said son, 11% said daughter, 58% said they will decide on merit while 3% did not know or did not wish to respond.
Findings on this question are available for the year 2009 and 2018.
There has been a decrease of 22 percentage-points in the proportion of Pakistanis who prefer to educate their son, and a 3% decrease in Pakistanis who said daughter. Concurrently, there has been a 26 percentage-point increase in the proportion of Pakistanis who said they will decide on merit and that gender does not matter.
This press release has been made as part of the Gallup Pakistan History Project which aims to release historical empirical polling data to wider audiences. The objective is to sustain and encourage empirical decision making in Pakistan.