Over the years, health investment has seen improvement in health facilities and health care providers. By 2017, the number of public sector hospitals has increased to 1,211, Basic Health Units (BHUs) 5,508, Rural health centers (RHCs) 676 and dispensaries 5,697.
Over the last five years, women have slightly higher life expectancy than men. But, life expectancy has remained the same for both genders .
Neonatal Disorders is one of the leading causes of premature death. while, Ischemic Heart Disease and Neonatal Disorders are one of the leading causes of death.
Non-communicable Diseases are estimated to account for 58% of all deaths in Pakistan .
According to National Diabetes Survey of Pakistan (2016-17), 26% of the population is diagnosed to have diabetes , in which, 14% were over weight, 44% were obese and 46% were hypertensive.
Pakistan is among Eastern Mediterranean Region defined by World Health Organization. This region has the lowest HIV prevalence among other WHO regions with estimated 21 Million & 15 Million people infected with Hepatitis B & C respectively. However, Viral Hepatitis is one of the significant cause of mortality within the Eastern Mediterranean Region . Whereas, 80% of the viral Hepatitis C infections occur in Pakistan and Egypt. The Infections mostly occur from medical procedures, unsafe injections and injection of drugs.
44% of children under the age of 5 were reported to be stunted. Malnutrition status in rural areas reported to be worse as compared to urban areas i.e. Stunt growth (46%), Wasted children (16%) and Underweight children (33%)