Islamabad, March 17, 2020
In a Gallup & Gilani Pakistan National Survey conducted in the year 1991, respondents were asked “In your area people on a local level are most afraid of who or who is most influential?” In response, 48% said no one, 11% said Landlord, 7% said MNA/MPA/Political Leaders, 5% said police, 2% each said councilor, spiritual leader and gangster, and 1% each said social leader and chairman panchayat committee.
Comparative Picture: This question was asked again in 2020 to enable a comparison to be made across the years. In 2020, 69% said no one, followed by 11% who said MNA/MPA/Political Leaders, 8% said landlord, 4% each said councilor and spiritual leader, 3% said chairman panchayat committee, and 1% each said social leader and police.
Implication of this finding: Most respondents claim that in their area people are not afraid of anyone or no one is influential. While opinion amongst the rest of the categories has varied over the years and is an outcome of changing political and social fabric of the society that dictates the influence of said personnel in the community.
This press release has been made as part of the Gallup Pakistan History Project which aims to release historical empirical polling data to wider audiences. The objective is to sustain and encourage empirical decision making in Pakistan.