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Prevalence of Malaria, Hepatitis and TB in Pakistan

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Report on Health Statistics in Pakistan based on PSLM 2018-19

This report presents findings from Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey (2018-19). This was the 11th round in a series of large nationally representative household surveys carried out in the country since 2004. The survey involves in-house interviews with approximately 115,000 respondents in nearly 24,000 households selected through multistage random sampling in the four provinces of Pakistan. Below are some of the key findings on Malaria, Tuberculosis and Hepatitis B/C from this survey and their public health significance:

Malaria

  1. 2% or 4.2 million Pakistanis say they suffered from Malaria in the past year.
  2. Almost all of them (99% or 4.2 million) seeked some form of treatment for Malaria. 
  3. Treatment seeking was within appropriate time (24 hours or less) for 2.3 million cases. 1.9 million Malaria cases say that they had delayed treatment (more than 24 hours) that can increase risk of complications.

Hepatitis:

  1. 3% or 6.4 million people say they were tested for Hepatitis in the last year.
  2. 41% of those tested i.e. 2.6 million say that they were diagnosed with Hepatitis B/C in the past year.
  3. Only 8% i.e. 25.5 million people say that they take any precautionary measures against Hepatitis B/C.

Tuberculosis:

  1. 1% or 2.1 million people say that they were diagnosed with Tuberculosis in the past year.
  2. 39% of these people (819, 000) were diagnosed with Tuberculosis again in the past year (possible re-infection or untreated TB from the past).
  3. 35% or 74 million people in Pakistan have no idea how Tuberculosis is transmitted.
  4. 27% or 57 million Pakistanis do not know that Tuberculosis can be cured.
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